Many adherents to relax from the soul dream to get a good but cheap private bath. A place where you can wash up, and relax, and get a good energy boost. One of the affordable and budget — frame bath with his hands: a step by step guide of construction will reveal the secrets of frame technology, will become a model for self-construction starting from the Foundation and ending with the proper selection of insulating materials.
- 1 Advantages and disadvantages of frame baths, owner reviews
- 1.1 the advantages of timber frame technology
- 1.2 weaknesses of frame baths, owner reviews
- 2 Draft framework of baths with their hands. Pics of buildings
- 2.1 Projects, photo frame baths with their hands 3×4 , 4×4 m
- 2.2 frame 6×6 Projects of baths with loft
- 3, the Assembly of frame panel ban: projects and rates
- 3.1 Projects-frame baths
- 3.2 the Price of panel-frame bath turn-key
- 4 the Acquisition of frame baths turnkey projects and construction
- 5 Where to buy domokomplekt small frame baths
- 6 Frame bath with their hands: step by step instructions of the construction
- 6.1 the Foundation of frame baths 3×6 with their hands: step by step instructions
- 6.2 Assembly of the walls of the structure
- 6.3 Circuit insulation frame baths
- 6.4 Arrangement of roof
- 6.5 Device and the floor are
- 6.6 Video: framing bath with his hands from the Foundation to the roof
The advantages and disadvantages of frame baths, owner reviews
Before the construction of frame baths with their hands, many wonder: what kind of material used for its construction? In fact many of the baths are associated with buildings of frame or brick. But such constructions are quite expensive for their holders, and the time necessary to warm up, for example, chopped bathhouses, is about 6 hours.
The advantages of timber frame technology
The construction of frame baths solves several problems, as it is a simple method of construction, availability of materials and fast construction speed. The advantages of frame technology include the following:
- the budget cost of construction;
- the use of lightweight types of Foundation;
- the low thermal conductivity structure promotes fast heating;
- the possibility of communication inside the walls, which have a positive impact on the aesthetic component of the construction of the baths;
- no shrinkage makes it possible to maintain the bath immediately after its construction and decoration;
- the use of ecologically safe materials;
- there is no need for the involvement of special construction equipment;
- requires no special construction skills during the construction of frame baths. The video, posted online, demonstrate this perfectly;
- no wet cycles of the construction gives you the opportunity to build regardless of the air temperature and the availability of water;
- many ways to design facilities.
All these advantages contributed to the growing popularity of frame baths. Owner reviews, which were used in the construction of such technology, suggests that such structures are cost effective and with the right construction is able to create excellent conditions for comfortable use.
Weaknesses karkasnye baths, owner reviews
To weigh the pros and cons of the technology of construction of frame baths, you can ask the opinions of owners. On Internet forums there is a lot of information from those who already have a bath and uses it for some time. Some people leave negative reviews: skeleton bath, in their opinion, tend to quickly lose appearance due to the formation of mildew on the walls. This is due to the rapid cooling of the room, no matter how well it was insulated.
This disadvantage can be eliminated by using a thermal insulation material is high-quality insulation. Approach to the choice of insulation material needs seriously. The cheap foam or mineral wool will not be required to perform its functions. The use of foam economy may cause a fire design due to the combustibility of the insulation.
One of the negative aspects described in the reviews, is the shrinkage of the bath. A show that over time (approximately 1.5-2 years) the frame structure shrinks, the value of which reaches 8-10 cm This, in turn, may deform the inner and external decoration of the building.
A useful tip! To minimize the effects of shrinkage of the frame of the bath, should be used in the construction of sawn timber subjected to drying chamber.
In sum, it can be concluded that the main disadvantages are high costs of wall insulation framing baths, the need for thorough antiseptic treatment, and low resistance. However, given the huge list of advantages, the construction of frame baths the popularity is not inferior to the structures of frame or brick.
With some nuances Assembly and owner reviews can be found by looking at the video of building a timber frame bath with his hands.
The draft framework of baths with their hands. Pics of buildings
Getting acquainted with photo and video frame baths with their hands, many decide to self-build constructions. Having some experience in construction and given the positive practice of putting up buildings on frame technology, you can build a bath pretty quickly. However, as in any construction to avoid serious errors, you need a competent project.
Projects, photo frame baths with their hands 3×4 , 4×4 m
In the construction of frame baths 3×4 m it is necessary to consider that the space inside the building should be used as ergonomic as possible. These mini-baths may be erected in a small cottage or a plot with a country house, where there is a need in the economy of the territory. Indulge in bath procedures, there are no more than two people.
Before you build a bath frame quickly and inexpensively, it is necessary to have a finished project that we can rely on in the construction. In principle, the bath may consist of one room that will control steam room, shower and locker room. It is not very convenient, so how to dress after the adoption of the procedures in the room with high temperature and high humidity is not very comfortable.
Standard projects of baths 3×4 frame m is provided such plan, where the steam room, showers and relaxation room are assigned separate rooms. Heating the bath can be done with one wood burning stove or boiler. Drawings of frame baths may reflect the presence of a modest veranda.
The construction of frame baths 4×4 or 3×4, due to their small has its advantages:
- decent savings on building materials — if the length of the walls is 3 m, a six-meter timber cut in half and virtually no waste;
- speed of construction — due to the presence of the project and the drawing frame of the bath, build a structure, and possibly within 2 weeks;
- strength and durability — given that will be needed at least not to skimp on the quality of the wood and to choose good material with good impregnation.
A useful tip! Any new construction in your area, even a small bath subject to mandatory registration in the cadastral registry.
To see the projects and to choose the option like help browse photos of frame baths a small area.
Projects frame 6×6 baths with a loft
If you are the owner of a large land parcel, it makes sense to build a beautiful and spacious bath. It is possible to relax yourself and invite friends — plenty of space. The draft framework baths with a loft designed floor plan, where room usually takes up to 20 sq. m. In the same room is a staircase leading to the attic floor, which is usually used as a bedroom.
The advantage of the bath with a loft in front of one-story building is that you can get extra living area on the second floor. There equip a guest room, a bedroom or a billiard room where you can have a good time with friends. As the cost of such a structure will be slightly different from the one storey, as the main costs are associated with the construction of the Foundation.
The technical documentation provides the reference-pier Foundation of concrete blocks with subsequent waterproofing of the Foundation. Frame for the floor in the bath is suggested to use edged boards 22 mm (rough flooring) and the floorboards are 30 mm for finish flooring. The floor material should be subjected to antiseptic treatment, and insulation mineral wool layer of 10 cm.
For walls, partitions and ceilings of the timber 100 x 150 mm, Board, 50 x 100 mm 40 x 100 mm. Partitions and ceiling sheathe clapboard exposed to the processing chamber. Under the skin it is assumed insulation slabs of mineral wool thickness of 10 cm and the device vapor barrier in two layers. Of the same materials is being built and the roof space.
A useful tip! The presence of a competent project will allow construction of a reliable design in the shortest possible time and without undue waste of materials.
According to the specification, truss system is made of 100×50 boards, sheathing boards of 22 mm. as the roofing is used Onduline wave profile in three color options (to choose from). Windows it is possible to use wooden or plastic, depending on preference. Steam is used for wood burning stove with water tank. At the location of the furnace — brick walls.
If you have some skills in the erection of structures on frame technology, standard designs can be used for timber frame construction bath with his hands. In addition, it is not forbidden to make some adjustments in documentation or offer your drawings and sketches for fabrication of an individual project. Not excluded the option of joining the basic structure of the small terraces or verandas.
All design drawings are developed with the prospect of the construction of frame baths with their hands. Photos posted online by users a visual confirmation of this.
Assembly of frame panel ban: projects and rates
The construction of baths using the technology of Assembly of panel designs on the frame basis is characterized by high speed of construction and low cost of basic materials. The project provided all requirements corresponding to the construction of such categories: ventilation, water supply, Sewerage, electricity.
The main feature of this technology is that the Assembly of frame-panel bath with his hands is very easy on the principle of design. The modern market offers a large number of ready-made panel sets intended to be installed on the frame. Thanks to a three-layer structure and low thermal conductivity of expanded polystyrene used in SIPS panels, this material has good characteristics and is great for baths.
Projects of frame baths assume a gable roof, attic space, there is no as Board room design is an easy build. The interior space under the roof can be used for storage of bath supplies. Depending on the type of soil on which it will be building the Foundation for a bath can be columnar, tape or low-depth of the pile. The latest version of the base used on sandy soil.
To create a frame using lumber racks: suitable for angle beam 120×120 mm for intermediate supports it is possible to use material of smaller cross-section. The ceiling is made of beams 40х75 mm. If the room is planned for year-round use, the thickness of the insulation is taken equal to 15 cm, for seasonal use enough layer of heat insulation 10 cm.
As for sex, it is recommended to do the pouring. For device suitable edged or tongue-and-groove Board mounted with a bias. The layout provides the separation of frame-and-hollow-bath for several rooms. Partitions between them are made of wood. If heated the bath-house is a stone oven, it can perform a separate Foundation.
Price panel-frame bath turn-key
Considering the construction technology, the cost of the panel-frame bath is always below the price of structures built by any other method. Before you make an order, please ask the manufacturer about additional services. Such as installation of furnace, installation of roof, installation of chimney. Given the high speed of Assembly, from the day of order until the beginning of the operation panel of the bath is not more than 7 days.
Taking into account the fact that the frame-panel bath inexpensive cost customers can afford to choose any of the presented projects. This also applies to those whose budget is rather limited.
Manufacturers offer multiple versions of the configuration:
- turn key — factory pre-Assembly of walls and partitions, finishing of facades and internal walls;
- finishing work in progress — veneer or facade or interior walls;
- without lining — the object that constitutes the Assembly of the shields.
Before you buy a bath panel-frame construction, it is necessary to pay attention to the Assembly diagram of the sandwich. Any deviation in the sequence of the elements inside the panel sandwich can be a cause of rejection of the products of the given manufacturer. If finish panels may be arranged independently, then re-sort all panels for proper arrangement of materials for the money, makes no sense.
The cost of a frame-panel bath 6×4 is 308100 RUB the Project envisages lining of walls and ceiling linings, faces — imitation of timber, flooring — tongue-and-groove boards with a thickness of 26 mm, roof — color corrugated sheet, the height of the baths — 2.4 m. to get the model 7×3 same configuration, only with the external decoration of the block-house, at the price RUB 266700
The acquisition of frame baths turnkey projects and construction
Many companies offer for sale different layout and dimensions of finished projects frame baths. His hands to assemble and install design, it is possible not everyone: someone does not possess the necessary skills, someone just no time for self-Assembly. Buying inexpensive timber frame bath turn-key, you can save time, money and to acquire a secure construction.
For the convenience of users, the manufacturers on their websites to post projects, photos and rates of frame baths. By visiting the website, you can find complete details about ready-made designs, including sizes, prices, specifications, materials and services included in the cost of the kit. If some of these projects you are found suitable, you have the option to make additions to existing drawings, or suggest your sketch, in which the project will be executed.
Convenient search system allows you to quickly find any option inexpensive frame bath turn-key. It is possible to search the design for appearance, size, layout, and also choose a model with either a terrace or an attic. The company offer services for the installation of foundations, assembling structures on your property, the transportation of the object to the area. It is not excluded seasonal discounts and other bonuses when ordering a frame the bath.
Prices of frame baths under the key (from different manufacturers) are given in the table:
Proizvoditelyami project size, mana, RUB For seasonal ispolzovaniya year-round ispolzovania “Estate””Julia”, 4х4198100273100СК “Estate””Fun” 6х6315900422900Компания “Country house”БК1644 with veranda 4х4400100Цена for additional insulation specified from managercompany “Country house”БК1568 with terrace, 6х4495100Цена on additional insulation is specified, menegerov Master”Lada”, 6х3340000СК “Country peace”KB-7 with a loft and terrace, 6х9590100СК Teremok Б6607, 6х6315100СК Teremok Б6901, 6х9600100
In price of the basic configuration of frame baths do not include the cost of the furnace. Manufacturers offer the customer several modifications of furnaces for baths. It’s possible to install it with your furnace or boiler.
A useful tip! The cost of installation of the heating equipment can be discussed with the working team before you buy frame bath turn-key.
Where to buy domokomplekt small frame baths
To build frame bath with his hands is much simpler, using a kind of building designer — housing complex, which includes all large items for the construction. The main parts of house set of frame baths are the boards and panels. To use the housing only in the case of a Foundation. All components are adjusted to size (if required), are collected and fixed on the ground.
Housing small, frame baths have several advantages over buildings, erecting stationary. First, the compact size of the mini-baths allow you to set its design even on a modest plot. Secondly, there is the ability to quickly disassemble the structure and transport to another location. Third, the presence of internal wiring communications allows you to quickly connect and immediately use the bath on purpose.
Prefabricated houses made in the factory, accompanied by projects of baths with an Assembly drawing and architectural sections. On customer request, the company can offer services for registration of permits and obtaining of technical conditions for electricity, gas, and water supply. Package of all permits is applied to a typical project.
Usually, the low cost sets for those organizations which independently are engaged in the manufacture of all components. Thanks to the prefabrication and fitting of boards, representing more than 70% of the cost of all labor, the price of installation of baths on the site is greatly reduced. Customer can easy to build the base, to choose the best project and to buy domokomplekt frame of the bath, made in the factory.
A useful tip! If you are new to framework technology, read online articles on how to build a timber frame bath with his hands. Step by step instructions take into account all the stages and peculiarities of installation.
Buy factory domokomplekt frame bath 6*6, in the base which include the Foundation, insulation of mineral wool 150 mm, finishing, electrical, plumbing, and water supply, at a price RUB 442900, for example, in the construction of “Carcasa”. It is possible to buy only the project with the working drawings, which cost is 7500 RUB.
Frame bath with their hands: step by step instructions of the construction
Frame building bath with his hands, it should be remembered that this is not just a room where you can bathe. This structure must have internal and external harmony, mellow style and warm atmosphere. Due to its light weight, frame bath does not need a shrink, she may be erected at any time of the year. The application of advanced frame technology allows to achieve reliability and duration of operation. Use the tips from the video frame how to build a bath with his hands: a step by step guide.
The device of the Foundation frame baths 3×6 with their hands: step by step instructions
Before the construction of frame baths in advance to choose the place for the construction and prepare the site. The plot is free of trees, shrubs, herbs, remove unwanted debris and stones that may prevent the correct marking of territory. If the terrain has a slope or bumps, should be a platform leveling: hills to cut and excavate fill with soil to the required level.
The markup under the Foundation of baths produced with the help of wooden pegs and cord. All the corners of the layout should be designed to conform to 90°. As a rule, small construction of frame baths can be installed without a Foundation. However, if the area is dominated by clay soils, it is useful to hold ribbon Foundation.
For the device of Foundation is necessary along the line to dig a trench depth of two feet, its width should be about 40 cm Installing the formwork, you should pour the Foundation and position in soft mortar pins to secure the strapping. After shvatyvanija concrete start laying strapping timber.
A useful tip! Before Assembly, the design must ensure that the concrete is matured and dried: it is dried for 3-4 days, covered with polyethylene, then open and stand for a couple of days.
The frame of the bath that performs the carrier role, erecting of timber, treated with an antiseptic solution. Section of the rod is chosen based on the bearing capacity and the applied insulation. It should be clarified that the insulation layer located between the uprights should not exceed the thickness of the timber. For the lower and upper trim and corner uprights using beams with a large cross-section than the intermediate supports.
Piping start from the corner of the Foundation using beams, 10 × 10 cm Connection tying the timber in the corners produced by the “paw” and reliable fixation nails. To avoid displacement of the beam, will help the previously installed pins. Before laying the timber framing, concrete foundations must be completely cut off roofing material. After that, the corners have braces in the amount of 8 PCs.
Assembly walls design
Assemble on the open ground in the courtyard. A calculation step of racks depends on the use of the material of plating. To the plates did not have to adjust and they formed a thick wall, the stands take the intermediate step is equal to 60 cm. This distance is suitable for installation of insulation: its standard width is about the same. The insulation will be located between the racks vraspor and will myself to support.
In places where the project will be located in the openings, the step can be increased by 35-40 see where the frame will be adjacent to the jumpers, you need to install additional stands of timber. In parallel with the rack, you can put the joists for the floor of boards 15h5 see All the components of the frame are carefully collected, exhibited by the level and combine. The space between the vertical supports fill teploizoljatsionnym with a material.
For the outer skin of the frame most often use the wagon Board. But you can use other materials that define the modern construction market: siding, block-house, siding, brick, thermal panels. However, bath, leather lining, looks solidly and naturally. Installation of siding is produced in a horizontal orientation, after having put the waterproofing layer.
Many users post online photos of stages of construction of frame baths with their hands. The photos will help you to get acquainted with the nuances of self-construction.
Circuit insulation frame baths
One of the highlights in the Assembly frame of the bath is its insulation. And the selection of material and its installation should be approached with great responsibility. As insulation can be mineral wool was used. This material is characterized by high vapour permeability, it is non-combustible and the walls with the same insulation “breathe”. This achieves the effect of baths from a frame.
It is possible to stack mineral fiber generated in plates or coils, but is preferable to use the first option. Insulation boards laid between the struts. If the niche corners of the frame and deform the sheets are loose, you must use a knife to spread sheets. Insulation should be tightly in contact with wood framing members around the perimeter, as well as among themselves.
A useful tip! Experts recommend to insulate the bath frame with two layers of 5 cm: the first layer of insulator plates, the second from the roll. Thus, all connecting lines will be blocked.
Between the insulation plates and the outer casing frame is placed a layer of waterproofing. This can be used, for example, film Tektonten. The fact that in the process of operation of an outdoor heater is partially blown in the ventilation gap, which reduces the thickness of the insulation and impair its insulating properties. Laying tetragidrofolievoy protection from vapor-permeable membrane would guarantee the effectiveness of the insulation layer.
On the inner side having a vapor barrier of aluminum foil polietilenovoi. The joints of the film are sealed with tape, and then start the internal finishing. The process of insulating frame is quite tedious and requires careful execution. If you can not stand technology, with time mineral wool can shrink, which will affect the insulation properties of the entire structure.
More details will demonstrate the warming of the technology design in the construction of frame baths the video posted below.
Arrangement of roof
For a small bath suitable gable or hipped form of the roof. More simple in execution — gable. The truss system of the roof made of wooden beams 15h5 see For convenience and security, all design elements should be collected on the ground. To avoid Assembly errors, it is recommended to make the layout, which will repeat all of the truss elements.
To make the layout, it is necessary to interconnect nail the top ends of the two rafters. The bottom edge of the rafters are placed and fastened at the points where supports are planned. The resulting figure is fixed a transverse lintel — bolt. Rigel is connected to the rafters with screws.
When all the trusses are assembled, start fitting them in place. First step-fix the front elements, between which a guide pull cord construction. Its location is coincident with the line along the ridge of the roof. On his level are mounted the other elements. The spacing of the truss girders usually take 1.2 m, although it can be changed in the big or smaller party.
A useful tip! Taking the step of the rafter, it is necessary to consider the location of the chimney. It needs to be in the middle between the rafters.
When installing each of the roof trusses, you should check the verticality of installation by means of a plumb. If there is a deviation from the vertical, to align their position with the pads under rafter foot pieces of a Board of appropriate thickness. Next, arrange the crate. If the roof covering will be used Onduline or other soft material, the distance between the elements of the sheathing shall be not more than 1 cm
The roof insulation is produced by materials used for thermal insulation of the frame. Roof top roofing material. Skate protect corner, made of galvanized sheet or fabricated element factory.
The device and the floor are
Feature flooring in the bath is that their design can be different depending on the purpose of the room in which they are placed. In the rooms, which are in contact with water, arrange the pouring floor. Its design is a flooring of planks, between which gaps are left for the admission of water into the ground. To insulate these floors is not necessary.
Construction of frame baths the floor begins with laying a log. If the distance between reference points is more than 3 m, it is recommended that the construction of the supporting columns. The contact areas of lag with strip Foundation and columns, use waterproofing of several layers of roofing material. Joists are mounted on the Board.
A useful tip! To be able to dry the pouring floor of the floorboards to the joists not fixed.
Board in the design of the pouring floor placed with a gap from 3 to 4 mm. Interval should be between the flooring and the wall (about 2 cm). If the soil structure is sandy, you can confine the filling layer of gravel at 25 cm Distance from the surface of the gravel to the sub-floor should be 10-12 cm If the soil is clay, you need to build a sump from which water is routed to the drain hole.
Indoor recreation equip floor “nephrotoma” design. The device starts with the sub-floor consisted of two rows of boards. Placed on top of the solid flooring of pine boards. Their first, just -. And only when all the interior work will be completed and the room is efficiently dried, the floor boards completely customize and fully fixed.
It should be noted that the floorboards of the floor must be placed with bias to the point of collection of sewage and their removal in the sewage system. At the lowest point wood flooring, make a hole, connect it with drain siphon. Nepatikami floor needs insulation, which is placed before the finishing coating.
Video: framing bath with his hands from the Foundation to the roof
For those who first encountered the construction of frame baths, it is very important not only to see step-by-step instructions, but also to get a clear understanding of all stages of construction. In the Internet you can find dozens of training videos on how to build a timber frame bath with his hands. Video materials contain a lot of useful information and can become a kind of benchmark in the production of works.
By studying the videos, you can learn about the styling features and type of Foundation for the construction of baths, as well as the appropriateness of applying one or another basis. Here you can get answers to all the questions regarding the harness, mounting frame, roofing and equipment of the baths or other heating equipment.
The video tutorials will help you learn useful tips regarding the use of material for insulation and its installation. The most important thing for bath – heat that should be maintained inside the structure. Professional advice will help to properly allocate and mount the heater depending on the seasonal bath that will affect the durability and appearance of the structure.
Many videos devoted to the finish of frame baths. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of various materials for decorating. Advice of experienced craftsmen reveal the characteristics and performance properties of each material. Will be useful and practical tips from those who built and uses its own frame bath.
Although construction on frame technology is not very complex, with the main recommendations to learn. Some videos contain information about the most frequent errors in the construction of baths. Viewing material will help in future to avoid them. This will ensure the rapid construction of reliable and durable construction.