About the benefits of using tile as a cladding material has been discussed more than once. For ceramics easy to maintain, it is resistant to mechanical stress and is able to properly serve for many years. However, to order a professional tiling can be quite expensive, that is why many carry out installation work yourself. In the article, you will learn how to properly prepare the surface and how to put tile on the wall.
- 1 How to put tile on the wall: rules for the preparation of the surface
- 1.1 What tools are needed for laying tile
- 2 How to lay tile on the wall
- 2.1 How to lay tile on a wall: General rules
- 3 Lay the tile correctly: step by step instructions to work
- 3.1 How to lay tile on drywall
- 4 How to put tile on the wall: technologies for cutting of tiles
- 4.1 How to wipe the seams in the tile on the wall
- 5 what you need to pay attention before you glue the tiles on the wall
- 5.1 How to remove tile from bathroom wall: rules and recommendations
How to put tile on the wall: rules for the preparation of the surface
In order to start preparing walls for laying tiles, first you need to determine what type of solution will be used for the cladding. There are two options: a cement-sand mortar and special adhesives. Depending on which option is preferred, the preparation of walls under the tiles will differ.
Many people want to make a choice in favor of glue, but in this case, you will have to work on the alignment of walls under the tiles. Usually for this purpose use plaster or sheathe the surface of the drywall. The smoother the surface the better. If the decision was made to use a cement-sandy solution, it will require less effort in order to align the wall under the tile. How to choose the best option? The first method is much easier and suitable even for beginners. But the “mortar” technique requires skill and experience.
Speaking about how to prepare the walls under the tile in the bathroom, do not forget about the presence of a large number of communications, which may hinder the installation. The simplest solution to this problem is to hide all the pipes, before gluing the tiles in the bathroom on the wall. The easiest way to do this with structures made of plasterboard.
Important! Before proceeding to the alignment of the walls before laying tile, you need to ensure that the old coating is completely removed. It touches including paint. In the presence of residues that may crumble, the life of a new tile can be substantially reduced.
What tools are needed to work on laying the tile
Before you begin to work on the preparation of surface and laying the covering material, you must ensure that in the presence of all the necessary tools:
- trowel and spatula (plain, serrated and rubber);
- building level;
- tile and clippers;
- angle grinder and a diamond wheel for it;
- special crosses for tile;
- a foam sponge.
You will also need a measuring tape, a hammer and other tools that are likely to have in every home. In addition, it is worth to think in advance about how you will be kneading adhesive. It is desirable to have for this purpose a special attachment on a drill, but it can be done manually.
How to lay tile on the wall
The first rule that you need to know before you put the tiles on the wall – all the places that are important for visual perception, should be lined with solid elements. Tile, which had to be cut, you should try to hide behind furniture or in places where its least noticeable.
The calculation of the required amount of materials is carried out before commencement of work and in particular the surfacing. Do so because it provides an opportunity to make some changes, for example, causing a slightly larger layer of plaster. In this case, the result will be some loss of area, but it is not so problematic than if for many years you will have to look at imperfectly Packed surface.
A useful tip! If the field of view equally fall within all corners of the room, then the best option would be to do the same cutting of all angular elements.
As for the vertical cropping, here is the rule of the whole tiles at the top. Although it is important to pay attention to individual data. It is acceptable to break the rules, if the objective is to influence the situation positively. Also pay attention to the size of the joints between the tiles. On the surface of a small area in total, they occupy a lot of space.
The technique of the layout largely depends on the method of laying of tiles has been selected. The most popular are the following types: “seam to seam”, vrazbezhku and diagonally. The first method is the most popular. The main complexity – in any case not to disturb the vertical and horizontal edges, since it will be very noticeable. The most complex method of the proposed third. It requires a certain skill and experience. But the second is a universal. It simulates brickwork and pretty easy to install.
How to lay tile on a wall: General rules
Usually to lay tiles on a wall starting from the second or third row. This is due to the fact that the wall tiles cover the floor for a number of reasons:
- visually this solution looks better;
- the water that runs down on the wall surface, will not flow into the contoured seams;
- to make undercutting ceramic wall much easier.
Often faced with situations where the flooring was laid in advance. In this case, to begin laying the wall tiles you need from the bottom row. But this raises another difficulty – do not always have the ability to do without clipping and positioning in the top row of whole tiles.
The first thing to do is to decide with the lighthouse nearby and make marks for the top edge of the first row. It is important to use in the process, the level of that in the future, all the tiles are not “floated”.
Important! At the stage of layout it is very important to pay attention to all of the difficult moments, such as laying tile around pipes. Allowed some offset marks, if we manage to avoid having to make difficult cuts.
Then you need to pull the cord lighthouse or spend a solid line on marks. It is better to use first option as this will enable to more accurately control the horizontal. To comply with the verticals using conventional pitches.
Lay the tile correctly: step by step instructions to work
It is important to understand that the procedure of installation can vary greatly depending on what surface and what part will be laid. So if you know how to glue the tiles on the floor, it does not guarantee that with wall tiles you can handle it without problems. Consider, how does the installation procedure in the case of using normal white glue for tiles, and what is the procedure in this case:
- initially dilute the adhesive in accordance with the instructions provided by the manufacturer. It is best to use for this construction mixer, as this makes it easier to cope with the task;
- using a spatula, a thin layer of adhesive is applied on the surface and on the back side of the tile. The excess removed by means of a comb so that on the reverse side of the tile remains smooth groove;
- making sure the layer of glue on the tile is evenly distributed, and must be carefully pressed to the surface.
Important! The choice of notched trowel should be based on the size of the tiles. The larger the dimensions of the tile, the larger must be the teeth on the tool.
The first tile should be laid on horizontal and vertical marks. Thus, if in the process of working as a guide was used, the cord, better to start from the corner of the second row and then remove the cord. Fixation is made by means of special wedges that insert between the tiles and the supporting plate.
First you need to put all solid elements, keeping between them equal to distance. It is to facilitate this task, use small crosses, which serve as a guide to create uniform tile joints. Each laid number must be defeated to scrutiny with a level.
A useful tip! If the tile has a picture so clear, it was easy to visually identify the top and bottom, you should pay attention to the special arrows that the manufacturer has on the back of each item. They can help navigate the installation process.
As for laying tile that requires cutting, that task is best left for later. How it should be done this procedure is discussed later in the article .
How to lay tile on drywall
For some time there was disagreement about whether to use drywall construction as a basis for laying tile. Because the material itself is not characterized by high strength and large weight ceramic tiles can be simply unbearable.
Practice has shown that under certain rules, drywall may be a full-time basis for laying tile:
- do not skimp on the adhesive composition, it needs to be of good quality and appropriate for this type of work;
- before starting the installation, surface must be thoroughly progruntovali completely dried;
- styling should be done gradually – no more than 5 rows at a time. Then you need to do at least one hour break, after which work can continue.
Ceramic tile in a bathroom: design a contemporary finish
The advantages and disadvantages of the material, the design of products from catalogs and photo finishes in the interior spaces, the prices for the products.
Following these simple rules will make the ceramic coating more durable and reliable and will also reduce the risk that after a short period of time some tiles will disappear.
How to put tile on the wall: technologies for cutting of tiles
Trying to understand in detail the question of how to glue the tiles on the wall in the bath, many believe that the main difficulty which will have to face is the adjustment of elements. This can really be a difficult task, however with the proper approach to deal with it may even a beginner.
Often can not cope with the cutting of tiles with ordinary tile. Bulgarian often required for flooring than wall, because of the difference in the thickness of the material. But sometimes, for particularly difficult places still have to use this tool and in the process of laying tiles on the wall.
A useful tip! In the absence of the glass cutter, you can do even less, using for example a tile or a Scriber with a soldering pobeditovoy. To cut the desired portion, it is necessary to draw a cut line, and then a few times to spend on the fixed element of the existing tool as many times as required.
In order to achieve a curly crop, which is needed for laying tile around pipes, it is better to use the grinder with the diamond grinding. But if it is not available and holes must be done not too much, it is possible to use a cheaper alternative – the canvas with a diamond coating. However in this case the time will be spent much more.
How to wipe the seams in the tile on the wall
After all the tile is laid, the spaces between elements need to overwrite with a special composition, which is called “grout”. This mixture is designed to fill the void between the tiles and provide reliable protection against the penetration of moisture under the coating. In order for this procedure to be most effective, must adhere to the following rules:
- to mix the grout should gradually, this is usually done from the calculation of 1-4 m2 on one approach. So the mixture dries before it is used;
- all excess must be removed with the help of a foam sponge to the point, how will it happen full drying of the solution;
- using the same sponge seams can be made more smooth, evenly distributing the grout inside seam;
- in operation, the spatula is necessary to hold at an angle of 15-30 degrees to provide a maximally dense space-filling mixture.
To understand how to do grouting tiles is not difficult. In the case of any additional questions, you can always watch a video or manual to use as reference step-by-step photos that are as detailed as possible demonstrate this process.
Another issue which is worthy of attention – the price of the grouting of the tiles. It should be noted that it is possible to find two options – the ready mix and dry powder that must be diluted with water to the desired consistency yourself. Their price will be different, for example, 2 kg of finished mixture cost about 259 rubles, and 2 kg dry powder – 175 rubles.
What you need to pay attention to the tiling on the wall
Just before their hands lay tile on the wall, it is necessary to pay attention to several important aspects:
- all tiles must be thoroughly inspected for damages, scratches and chips. It is also useful to sort items by size. This will allow you to obtain the most smooth seams;
- to laying tile on the wall with their hands turned out not less quality than if it was performed by a professional, no need to feel sorry for priming and time for alignment and surface preparation;
- if you have to do veneer outer corners, you should use the plastic corners.
Often on specialized forums users discuss interesting questions, for example, is it possible to put tiles on a tile or other old paint without dismantling. The answer to all these questions is simple – to not do this, and before you start laying the new tile you must remove the old tiles from the bathroom walls. How to do exactly that – look on.
How to remove tile from bathroom wall: rules and recommendations
How simple will it be to remove the old tile from the wall surface, largely depends on what surface it was laid. For example, if the surface was previously plastered, the tile is relatively easy to be removed along with the plaster. But if it is attached directly to the concrete or brick-based, the problem is somewhat more complicated.
It is very difficult to work with drywall, because by itself it does not possess sufficient strength and in the process of removing the tile will receive the amount of damage that would have to be replaced.
To begin the dismantling of the coating with the wetting. You can use a shower or spray. After the surface is moistened, need to disc grinders for tile seams. What will be better spent removing the grout, the easier it will be to conduct all subsequent work. In the resulting grooves again it is filled with water to glue a little soaked, and as a result, some of the tiles themselves begin to lag.
The top layer of the tile prostukivaniya with a mallet. In those places where you can hear the thud should start the process. Using a chisel or a chisel and hammer, carefully chip the first tile. Then again, water is added and alternately continue dismantling the following items.
A useful tip! If there is a need to carefully remove one tile in a row, then this will require a drill with drill bits. In the direction from the center to the edge is drilled a plurality of holes (about 10-20) and then tile neatly cleave.
The fastest way to cope with this problem is to use the punch. However, in this case to expect that at least some part of the old tile will remain, however. And the sound will probably be loud, so it is better to warn the neighbors about the upcoming repair work.
After reviewing the correct way to lay tile on the bathroom wall, as well as learning about all the options of removing the old coating, you can safely proceed to self-repair. As for the choice of a suitable material, most importantly, characteristics, color and size of ceramic tiles for the walls you like, and blends harmoniously into the interior, consistent with the operating conditions.